Thursday, April 7, 2011

oraon: who are they.....................

Oraon Tribal
 As it is well known that this district is a Tribal district. Oraon cast are spread all over this district.Around 1700 era after the break of their kingdom in Rohtasgarh they began to move in this area.They were settled in the forest area because these place were more suitable for the cultivation.They were fully dependent on agriculture and forest wealth.It can be said that what the condition of Korwa family is now ,same they had.
           But after the entrance of the foreign priests, all Oraon came under one faith and became Christ followers.They helped to make them literate. At all suitable places they opened  Primary,Middle and Higher secondary schools. And now we are proud to say that Jashpur district has the highest literacy rate .Whoever came in contact with  Missionaries school all are now well qualified. Now Every Oraon family has at least one Metric pass person.
 Marriage :Oraon's culture is same as it was in the past.Only marriage blessing ceremony had changed for those who are now the follower of Christ. when a boy came to marriageable age ,their parents , send a message by any relatives to the family of a suitable girl, who is marriageable or seen eligible in the view of boy's parent. If the girl's parent accept the message, they invite them on their desired date and time.
 Parents of bridge party come with two or three Panch's to the groom's family. They receive them happily and invite their neighbors saying that new guest have come in our family so please come to talk with them.They shares them rice bear three round as per the custom.when first round overs the main panch of the girls side ask the aim of their coming .Then boys side panch puts the aim before them.Then  they introduce and identify themselves by their surname ( Minj,Lakra,Tirkey etc.).Their surname should not be the same ,and no one get married in the same surname means Tirkey surname boy can not marry with tirkey surname girl.This is the first identity of uraon cast.After the satisfactory introduction they make a new relation on the name of the aimed boy and girl.Now second round sharing of rice bear starts and they show their happy for the new relation .They sing and dance.All songs has a step of ceremony up to the end of marriage function .Songs sang at the marriage time can't be sung at the time of making new relation .This is the second Identity of  Uraon culture.
 Now some ceremonial steps are being cut off due to the functional expenditure. But three steps would never be stopped and are  engagement, Lotapani (Mangni) and the then Marriage. In Oraon culture's marriage ,Boy goes to bring her groom with a "Barat".If the groom family is unable to manage at any step, Bridge side helps either by money or whatever they need. This is the Third Identity of the Uraon culture.There is no dowry system .
Dance  .Uraon cultural dance is a very good example of the Unity ,affection and majority.All male and females are chained with hands and dance together in day or night depending on the joyous ceremony.Karma is danced from July to the end of October up to the midnight of Diwali.After this whole the remaining year they dance called as jalsa dance.
                                                                            Karma Dance

Saonsar Uraon culture.  Remaining who have not yet adopted the Christian Religion are called "Saonsar Uraon".All cultural functions are same as followed by the Christian Uraon except the wedding . Bride and groom are wedded in the courtyard of the bride's family. A religious head of village called "Baiga" comes to wed them.
 In adivasi group , Kawanr ,Gond, Saonsar and some Christian Uraon's are still follow the "SarnaReligion .Sarna is the worship place of these tribes. where many number of trees are standing. Among these ,a middle one and oldest tree is selected for the alter .A couple of chicks were offered for the jungle devi. On this occasion..Many old trees are still found in these Sarna’s.In the sarna of Menderbahar village ,it is said that more than two hundred year old trees are still available.
 Pahari Korwa: Pahari korwas are now began  to  unit. They are settled in villages. They are now in community. They are enjoying their group life. Also they are forming a new village  culture to live together  in all their good and bad times. This photograph is showing their community fuction. 
Music Instrument: Drum,Mandar,Nagada,Dhank,Dafli,Mridang and Timki are the main music instrument of these Adivasi's


Cathedral(Mahagirja Ghar) Kunkuri:
.It was founded in 1962 in the period of Late Rev.Bishop Stanislas Tigga .Fr. J.M Karsi drew its map.Br. Joseph Toppo started its construction by stones .After his death Fr.Manustain S.J completed its construction in the period of Late Rev.Bishop Francis Ekka.It was Inaugurated  on 27th October 1979.This church has seven arcade in a shape of an arch and seven sacrament symbols made of angle Iron. A beautiful shrine ,just infront of this cathedral biuilding is also inviting the visitor to pray before the mother marry (Mercy of Mother) . People come here every day to visit this church and shrine .They all melt before god jesus and Mother merry and get relief from their troubles.


Jashpur : Home to Oraon tribe, Jashpur is another sightseeing place famous for its natural beauty. Waterfalls like Rajpuri, Danpuri and Ranidah waterfalls are in locus of beautiful and natural surrounding inviting Eco lovers to have good treat. A visit to rock-cut cave of Kailsah Gupta is another attraction of Jashpur

Rajpuri Water fall
:It is very attractive waterfall and rich for natural beauty. Many distant natural lovers come for picnic  and enjoy the scene and capture them in photo graph for future rememberance. It is situated near Bagicha about 90 Km from H.Q.